How Much Random Medical Trivia Do You Know?


Health

By the way, we don’t find cheating very humerus.

Posted on September 12, 2017, 17:34 GMT

1. What is the largest
bone in the body?


angelhell
/ Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

The femur is the largest bone in the body.


The femur, or the thigh bone, is also the
longest and strongest bone in the body. The top of the
femur fits into the hip socket and the bottom is
connected to the knee. It helps support your body weight
and allows you to stand, walk, run, jump, etc.

2. What is removed
during a cholecystectomy?


Portra
/ Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

The gallbladder is removed during a
cholecystectomy.


A cholecystectomy is a surgical
procedure used to remove the gallbladder, a small organ
above the liver that stores bile. This procedure is
usually done on people who experience pain or infection
from gallstones.

3. During
fertilization, the egg and sperm join to form ______.


Sarah
Jones / Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

The egg and sperm join to form a zygote.


Fertilization occurs when the egg and
sperm (gametes) join together to form a single cell, or a
zygote. This usually takes place in the fallopian tube.
The zygote will then divide and become a blastocyst,
which travels to the uterus to attach to the uterine
lining. Once this implantation occurs, a pregnancy has
begun. It does not become an embryo until later.

4. What is a pulmonary
embolism?


Superstock
/ Getty

A blocked artery in the heart

Excessive bleeding in the brain

A ruptured valve in the heart

A blocked artery in a lung

A blood clot in an arm vein

Correct!

Wrong!

A pulmonary embolism happens when there’s a blockage in
an artery of the lung.


A pulmonary embolism occurs when an
artery of the lung suddenly becomes blocked. It can cause
damage to lung tissue, lower oxygen levels in the blood,
and damage other organs from a lack of oxygen. It’s
usually caused by a blood clot that originates in the
deep veins of the leg (deep vein thrombosis), which then
travels up to the lung, causing the blockage.

5. What is this duct
called?


kocakayaali
/ Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

This is the vas deferens.


The vas deferens, also known as the ductus deferens, is a
coiled tube that carries the sperm from the testes during
ejaculation.

6. People with
diabetes are unable to produce or use ________ properly.


moodboard
/ Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

Diabetics are unable to produce or use insulin
properly.


Insulin is a hormone made in the
pancreas that allows our body to use glucose from the
food we eat to energize our bodies, or store it for
future use by moving it from the blood into cells. People
with type 1 diabetes produce little or no insulin, which
causes their blood sugar to rise, and puts them at risk
for heart and nerve damage, kidney failure, coma, or
death. On the other hand, people with type 2 diabetes
produce insulin, but their bodies don’t respond well to
it.

7. Herpes zoster is
another name for what?


jarun011
/ Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

Herpes zoster is another name for shingles.


Herpes zoster, or shingles, occurs when the
varicella-zoster virus (VZV) — the same virus that causes
chickenpox — reactivates in the body, causing a painful
rash. If you’ve had chickenpox, VZV remains inactive in
the nerve tissue near your brain and spinal cord, but can
activate and become shingles if you have a weak immune
system. A person infected with shingles can transmit the
varicella-zoster virus to people who’ve never had
chickenpox or gotten a vaccine for the virus, but in that
case, the newly infected person would develop chickenpox,
not shingles.

8. What is the “Rh
factor?”


Caiaimage/Chris
Cross / Getty

A protein that helps clot the blood

A protein that coats the surface of red blood cells

A protein that helps with bone growth

A protein that helps transport oxygen in the body

Correct!

Wrong!

The Rh factor is a protein on the surface of red
blood cells
.


The Rhesus (Rh) factor is an inherited
protein that coats the surface of red blood cells. Some
people have it and some don’t, and this, in part, is what
determines your blood type, along with the A/B/O blood
group system. If your blood has the protein, you’re
Rh-positive (i.e. B+ or O+). If your blood lacks the
protein, you’re Rh-negative (i.e. B- or O-). It’s more
common to be Rh-positive, but being Rh-negative is not a
health problem or an illness. However, it can affect a
pregnancy if the mother is
Rh-negative and the baby is Rh-positive.

9. _________ is a rare
disorder in which the blood does not clot properly.


SCIEPRO/SCIENCE
PHOTO LIBRARY / Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

Hemophilia is a rare disorder in which the blood
does not clot properly.


People with hemophilia are either missing or have
very little clotting factor, a protein that helps clot
the blood. As a result, they can experience excessive
bleeding (external or internal) after injuries, severe
bruising, joint problems, etc. Hemophilia is often
inherited, but some people are born with it due to a
spontaneous gene mutation. Very rarely, it can be
acquired later in life if the body develops antibodies
that attack the clotting factor proteins.

10. Encephalitis
refers to inflammation of which organ in the body?


bauhaus1000
/ Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain.


Encephalitis occurs when there is
inflammation or irritation of the brain. It’s a rare
condition usually caused by a bacterial or viral
infection, but in some cases, it’s caused by an immune
system disorder.

11. Which of the
following is not an antibiotic?


Peter
Dazeley / Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

Lamivudine is not an antibiotic.


While the rest of the drugs listed above are all used to
treat bacterial infections, Lamivudine is an antiviral drug used
along with other medications to treat HIV. It’s also used
to control hepatitis B before it causes irreversible
liver damage or failure. However, it does not cure
HIV or hepatitis B.

12. A nephrologist is
a doctor who specializes in the treatment and diagnosis of
diseases affecting the _________.


Cecilie_Arcurs
/ Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

A nephrologist deals with the kidneys.


Nephrologists are doctors who
specialize in nephrology, a sub-specialty of internal
medicine that focuses on the kidneys and kidney diseases.
These specialists also oversee dialysis in patients with
(kidney) failure from diabetes or hypertension, and
sometimes facilitate kidney transplants.

13. Human growth
hormone (HGH) is produced by which gland in the body?


theasis
/ Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

HGH is produced by the pituitary gland.


Human growth hormone (also called
somatotropin) spurs growth during childhood and
adolescence, and helps maintain tissues, organs, and body
composition throughout adulthood. It’s secreted by the
pituitary gland, a pea-sized gland situated at the base
of the brain, below the hypothalamus.

14. The DTaP vaccine
protects against diphtheria, ________, and pertussis.


Jonnie
Miles / Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

The DTaP vaccine prevents diphtheria, tetanus,
and pertussis.


DTaP is a safe, effective vaccine
that’s given as a single shot to children to prevent
diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. Diphtheria is a
serious throat and nose infection that can cause
breathing problems or death. Tetanus is an infection that
causes painful muscle tightening, which can lead to
lockjaw or death. Pertussis, or whooping cough, is a
severe coughing spell that can result in pneumonia and
death.

15. Damage to “Broca’s
area” in the brain can cause problems with __________ .


ZEPHYR/SCIENCE
PHOTO LIBRARY / Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

Damage to Broca’s area can cause problems with
speech production.

Broca’s area mediates the production and control of
speech. Aphasia (damage) to Broca’s area can make it
difficult for people to speak and form sentences, even if
they know what they want to say and understand words.

16. If someone has
Hepatitis A, which organ is affected?


Bsip
/ Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

Hepatitis A affects the liver.


Hepatitis A is a contagious liver
disease caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV), which is
usually spread from person-to-person or through
contaminated food or water. It can cause mild to severe
illness with symptoms like fever, diarrhea, abdominal
pain, and jaundice. Most people recover with lifelong
immunity. However, some people can develop acute liver
failure, which is often fatal.

17. Which of the
following diseases has been eradicated?


Andrew
Brookes / Getty

Correct!

Wrong!

Smallpox has been eradicated.


In 1980, smallpox was officially declared
eradicated, which refers to the complete and permanent
reduction of the disease to zero cases worldwide. Polio
has been eliminated from many countries due to successful
vaccination programs but there are still numerous cases
in some parts of the world. And the bubonic plague and
leprosy may sound antiquated but they still infect people
each year.

How Much Random Medical Trivia Do You Know?
You’re a medical knowledge newbie

So you don’t really know a ton about medicine, but that’s okay
— it’s never too late to learn! Unless you’re already a
doctor… then we’d be very worried about your patients.

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Your medical knowledge is great!

You definitely know a thing or two about medicine, but your
knowledge is still a little rusty. As a treatment, we’d suggest
continuing to study your medical facts (watching Grey’s Anatomy
doesn’t count!). You could become an expert in no time!

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You’re a medical trivia expert!

CONGRATS! Are you a doctor? A nurse? A medical student? If you
aren’t in some health-related field, you probably should be,
because your medical knowledge is off the charts! Keep it up!

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